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Importence Of Muhurta In Vedic Astrology

Definition as in Oxford Dictionary:
An auspicious time for an enterprise to begin or for a ceremony to take place

From Sanskrit muhūrta 'a division of time' (approximately 48 minutes, one thirtieth of a day).
Muhūrta (Sanskrit: मुहूर्त) is a Hindu unit of measurement for time in the Hindu calendar.
In Taittiriya Brāhmaṇas, muhūrta denotes a division of time: one-thirtieth of a day, or a period of forty-eight minutes
Means 24 hours in a day are divided into 30 muhurtas
So 1Day = 24 hours (60 Ghati)
 and 1Day is also = 30 muhurtas
This means 30 muhuratas =  24 hours ( 60 Ghati)
          1 muhurta = 48 minutes (2 Ghati)
The term Muhurta appears as early as the Ṛig Veda
Taittirīya-Brāhmaṇa mentions the names of 15 muhūrtas:
(1) saṁjñānaṁ (2) vijñānaṁ (3) prajñānaṁ
(4) jānad (5) abhijānat (6) saṁkalpamānaṁ
(7) prakalpamānam (8) upakalpamānam
(9) upakḷptaṁ (10) kḷptam (11) śreyo
 (12) vasīya (13) āyat (14) saṁbhūtaṁ (15) bhūtam

citraḥ ketuḥ prabhānābhānt saṁbhān |
jyotiṣmaṁs-tejasvānātapaṁs-tapann-abhitapan |
rocano rocamānaḥ śobhanaḥ śobhamānaḥ kalyāṇaḥ |
darśā dṛṣṭā darśatā viṣvarūpā surdarśanā |
āpy-āyamāṇāpyāyamānāpyāyā su-nṛterā |
āpūryamāṇā pūryamāṇā pūryantī pūrṇā paurṇamāsī |
dātā pradātā'nando modaḥ pramodaḥ || III.10.1.1 ||

Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa describes a muhūrta as 1/15th portion of a day ( here day means the time from sunrise to sunset)

No.
Daily Period
Name (मुहूर्त)
Translation
Quality, or Guṇa (गुण)
1
06:00 - 06:48 (sunrise)
Rudra (रुद्र)
"Cryer", "Howler"
Inauspicious
2
06:48 - 07:36
Āhi (आहि)
"Serpent"
Inauspicious
3
07:36 - 08:24
Mitra (मित्र)
"Friend"
Auspicious
4
08:24 - 09:12
Pitṝ (पितॄ)
"Father"
Inauspicious
5
09:12 - 10:00
Vasu (वसु)
"Bright"
Auspicious
6
10:00 - 10:48
Vārāha (वाराह)
"Boar"
Auspicious
7
10:48 - 11:36
Viśvedevā (विश्वेदेवा)
"Heavenly Lights in the Universe"
Auspicious
8
11:36 - 12:24
Vidhi (विधि)
"Insight"
Auspicious - except Mondays and Fridays
9
12:24 - 13:12
Sutamukhī (सतमुखी)
"Goat/Charioteer-Face"
Auspicious
10
13:12 - 14:00
Puruhūta (पुरुहूत)
"Many Offerings"
Inauspicious
11
14:00 - 14:48
Vāhinī (वाहिनी)
"Possessed of Chariot"
Inauspicious
12
14:48 - 15:36
Naktanakarā (नक्तनकरा)
"Night Maker"
Inauspicious
13
15:36 - 16:24
Varuṇa (वरुण)
"All-Envoloping Night Sky"
Auspicious
14
16:24 - 17:12
Aryaman (अर्यमन्)
"Possessed of Nobility"
Auspicious - except Sundays
15
17:12 - 18:00
Bhaga (भग)
"Share"/"Stake"
Inauspicious
16
18:00 - 18:48 (sunset)
Girīśa (गिरीश)
"Lord of the Mount"
Inauspicious
17
18:48 - 19:36
Ajapāda (अजपाद)
"Unborn Foot"/"Goat Foot"
Inauspicious
18
19:36 - 20:24
Ahir-Budhnya (अहिर्बुध्न्य)
"Serpent at the Bottom"
Auspicious
19
20:24 - 21:12
Puṣya (पुष्य)
"Nourishment"/"Blossom"
Auspicious
20
21:12 - 22:00
Aśvinī (अश्विनी)
"Horsemen"
Auspicious
21
22:00 - 22:48
Yama (यम)
"Restrainer" (Death)
Inauspicious
22
22:48 - 23:36
Agni (अग्नि)
"Fire"/"Ignition"
Auspicious
23
23:36 - 24:24
Vidhātṛ (विधातृ)
"Distributor"
Auspicious
24
24:24 - 01:12
Kaṇḍa (क्ण्ड)
"Ornament"
Auspicious
25
01:12 - 02:00
Aditi (अदिति)
"Destitute"/"Boundless"
Auspicious
26
02:00 - 02:48
Jīva/Amṛta (जीव/अमृत)
"Life"/"Immortal"
Very Auspicious
27
02:48 - 03:36
Viṣṇu (विष्णु)
"All Pervading"
Auspicious
28
03:36 - 04:24
Dyumadgadyuti (द्युमद्गद्युति)
"Resounding Light"
Auspicious
29
04:24 - 05:12
Brahma (ब्रह्म)
"Universe"
Very Auspicious
30
05:12 - 06:00
Samudram (समुद्रम)
"Ocean"
Auspicious
Diurnal muhurta, the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 10th, 11th, 12th and 15th are inauspicious while in nocturnal muhurtas the 1st. 2nd, 6th and 7th are inauspicious.

Significance of Muhurta:  
 As we all are well aware that the gravitational force between the planets have a lot of impact on the living & nonliving things on the Earth. Like the gravitational force between the Moon & the earth causes the high & low tides in the Ocean.

Thus muhurta is a typical combination of the planets in the sky which make a favorable effect on the human beings.

There is an ancient principal told in Ayurveda, “Ashtami Vyadhi nashini” which means that the medicine taken on the 8th day of a lunar month cures illness faster.  The reason behind this is the distance between the Moon & the earth is the farthest on the 8th day of every month, because of which the liquid medicine remains stable in the stomach & thereby starts making effect faster & better.

Actions or karma, done during an auspicious time get an optimal effect. It is said that Well begin is half done - means any work started in good muhurta is said to produce good results
Astrology says while judging a muhurta it is important to consider the combinations of a weekday with Ascendant and nakshtra. Muhurta of auspicious and placid nakshtra is apt for carrying out a good job.
To get a desired muhurta, purification of Ascendant is also required. So, fair attention must be given to the status of the Ascendants. A person receives double benefits if his navamsha is also auspicious.
Muhurta in astrological terms means defining the quality of time and it varies based on sunrise, sunset
The Eight Muhurta of the day is called as Abhijit Muhurta and is very auspisious as it maps into the Abhijit nakshatra which is ruled by Hari
(1) Svati, (2) Visakha, (3) Anuradha, (4) Jyestha, (5) Magha, (6) Purva Phalguni, (7) Uttara Phalguni are 7 muhurtas before Abhijit and these are called first Prahara And 20 Nakshtras after Abhijit constitutes 20 muhurtas. This way 28 Nakshtras constitute 28 Muhurtas Rest 2 Muhurtas are devoted to creator itself and these two Muhurtas are called as Brahm Muhurtas. Brahma muhurta is defined as the special time, which is auspicious for waking up in the morning. This time is known as Brahma muhurat because this is the perfect time for gaining Brahma Gyan. . Rishi Sushurut defined this time as Amrit Bela (the nectar time).

It is said that one who is desirous of long life should wake up in brahm muhurta



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